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Tuesday, April 21, 2020 | History

2 edition of Sugar maple decline in Ontario found in the catalog.

Sugar maple decline in Ontario

D. L. McLaughlin

Sugar maple decline in Ontario

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  • 6 Currently reading

Published by Ministry of the Environment in Toronto, Ont .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementby D.L. McLaughlin ... [et al.].
SeriesAPIOS Report -- no. 026/85
ContributionsOntario. Ministry of the Environment.
The Physical Object
Pagination18 p. :
Number of Pages18
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21036955M
ISBN 10077290815X

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Coons, C.F. Sugar bush management for maple syrup producers. Toronto: Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, © Scientists have reported sugar maple decline throughout the northeastern United States and Quebec during the past 50 years. Insect defoliation, drought, and freezing have been implicated as stress factors, and recent studies point to soil and foliar calcium deficiency as potential instigators in sugar maple decline.   It takes about 40 years for a sugar maple tree to be ready to be tapped. Once the tree is mature, it can continue to give sap for about years. Although there are approximately species of maple trees that produce sap, there are three primarily varieties. Sugar maple is the most popular. Black maple and red maple are also : Beverly Hernandez.


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Sugar maple decline in Ontario by D. L. McLaughlin Download PDF EPUB FB2

Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 16) In response to numerous requests from members of the Ontario Maple Syrup Producers Association, a 20 point program was designed in to determine the role that acidic precipitation is playing in the decline of sugar maple trees in by: The dominant species was sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) with approximately 75% occurrence (n Sugar maple decline in Ontario book ).

The predictor variables for sugar maple survivorship included the decline index of 1 or 2 years prior to the beginning of the modelled period Sugar maple decline in Ontario book ecological region (Algoma, Georgian Bay, Huron–Ontario, and Upper St. Lawrence).Cited by: 8. The sugar maple is a large tree that can grow up to 35 metres tall and can live for more than years.

Its yellowish-green leaves are 8 to 20 centimetres long, and have five lobes. The shape of the leaf is well known — it’s found on the Canadian flag and the sugar maple. Studies in an year-old sugar maple, Acersaccharum Marsh., stand indicated that since the early stages of stand development, sugar maples that are currently declining showed slower growth than healthy trees.

A steady growth decline of all dominant trees during the last 30 years was significantly correlated with adverse climatic by: Human influences have contributed to the decline of the Sugar Maple in many regions. Its role as a species of mature forests has led it Sugar maple decline in Ontario book be replaced by more opportunistic species in areas where forests are cut over.

The Sugar maple also exhibits a greater susceptibility to Binomial: Acer saccharum. They earned money by producing maple syrup and sugar from the trees on She and Sugar maple decline in Ontario book Nearing started a relationship in and married nearly 20 years later, on Decem [3][3] The couple lived in rural Vermont where they grew much of their food and erected nine stone buildings over the course of two decades/5.

The complete series list for - Sugar Maple Chronicles Barbara Bretton. Series reading order, cover art, synopsis, sequels, reviews, awards, publishing history, genres, and time period. Maples normally begin showing fall color after the first frost or in mid to late September.

When fall color develops earlier than normal, in late July or early August, the maple is definitely suffering from decline. Dead branches in upper canopy. Small dead branches seen in tree Sugar maple decline in Ontario book in late spring or early summer are indicative of decline.

Maples that are declining may have paler, smaller and few leaves than in previous years. Maple dieback includes symptoms such as dead twigs or branch tips and dead areas in the canopy. Leaves that change to fall colors before the end of summer are a sure indication of decline.

What exactly is maple decline. Unlike many of the problems your tree faces, Sugar maple decline in Ontario book decline is not a tree disease or a tree pest. Instead, maple decline is a result of trees living in an urban environment instead of a forest.

Let’s break that down. In forests, trees have loads of rich, natural resources that they need to survive and g: Ontario. THE DECLINE OF SUGAR MAPLES (ACER SACCHARUM) Sugar maples across the northeastern US and eastern Canada are in decline. The problem is not Sugar maple decline in Ontario book, but the incidence and severity of maple decline have increased markedly in recent decades to include urban, sugar-bush, and forest environments (Horsley et al., ).

Symptoms include reduced foliage and reduced twig growth, and the eventual dieback. Climate change has contributed to the decline of the sugar maple by pushing the suitable habitat range for the trees further north, where temperatures are cooler. This has resulted in a gradual northward migration of the species.

[12]Family: Sapindaceae. that most sugar maple decline is caused by one or a combination of stresses that weaken trees. Stresses include severe weather, insect damage, altered drainage and poor management practices. The following stresses contribute to maple decline and dieback: ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSES • wind • frost or ice damage • lightning damage • drought •File Size: KB.

Maple Decline: Various factors Maple decline affects primarily sugar maple (Acer saccharum), Norway maple (A. platanoides) and red maple (A. rubrum) in the Northeast. The problem is not a new one; stagheaded maples were described as early as in Massachusetts. At that time, diebackFile Size: KB.

Sugar Maple Decline has been observed in different places on and off over the past century, so some idea of which factors are important has emerged. Late frosts, insect defoliations, droughts, and winter freeze/thaw cycles have all been seen to play a role.

That could become a reality if the provincial government doesn't put together a new plan to deal with significant threats to biodiversity, Ontario's environment watchdog warned Tuesday. "We could.

Maple decline - Decline or dieback of sugar maples is becoming more common. Probable cause is a combination of internal factors aggravated by environmental conditions. Symptoms: premature fall color, smaller leaves, and branch dieback.

There is no permanent g: Ontario. Sugar maples have a narrow range of site tolerances. They are also particularly sensitive to salt injury. The present evaluation of sugar maple decline is based upon approximately published and perhaps as many unpublished sources; it explores the external factors (biotic and abiotic) and internal factors that could contribute to the by: Acer saccharum Marsh.

Sugar Maple. Aceraceae -- Maple family. Richard M. Godman, Harry W. Yawney, and Carl H. Tubbs. Sugar maple (Acer saccharum), sometimes called hard maple or rock maple, is one of the largest and more important of the grows on approximately million hectares (31 million acres) or 9 percent of the hardwood land and has a net volume of about.

• the rate of annual change in sugar maple condition; •whether the rate of change in sugar maple condition dif-fers with the level of sulfate and nitrate wet deposition, between a sugar bush and undisturbed forest, and for vari-ous levels of initial stand decline conditions; and • the possible causes of sugar maple decline and the geo.

I have heard the sap called ninaatigwaaboo ‘maple tree water’, wiishkabaaboo ‘sweet water’, and ziisbaakwadaaboo ‘sugar water.’ I have heard that the birch tree is tapped sometimes as well, for medicinal purposes as well as flavouring.

I imagine the sap from the birch tree is called wiigwaasaatigwaaboo, or if it is the yellow birch, wiin’zikwaaboo. References Allen, D.C. Insects, Declines and General Health of Northern Hardwoods: Issues Relevant to Good Forest Management. in: Nyland, Ralph D., ed.

Managing. The Nearings' food and living philosophies have provided the guidelines for many who seek a simpler way of life. Helen is the author of Wise Words for the Good Life: A Homesteader's Personal Collection, Loving and Leaving the Good Life, Simple Food for the Good Life, and co-author (with Scott Nearing) of The Maple Sugar by: 9.

Sugar maple suffers from a suite of ‘decline symptoms'—including branch dieback and foliar discoloration (Long et al.), poor tissue nutrition (Hallett et al. ), regeneration failure (Sullivan et al. ) and elevated mortality (Horsley et al. )—across central and northern portions of its range, including Pennsylvania (Horsley et al.

), New York (Sullivan et al. ), eastern Cited by: Casting Spells (Sugar Maple, #1), Laced with Magic (Sugar Maple, #2), Spun By Sorcery (Sugar Maple, #3), Charmed: A Sugar Maple short story (Sugar Maple Author: Barbara Bretton.

Wilson Clark, a syrup producer from Wells, Vt., who serves as president of the Vermont Maple Sugar Makers Association, said that the decline in maple sugar production had been acute, with a Missing: Ontario.

Sugar maple comprised nearly half of the forest basal area at the time of whole-tree harvest and now has been relegated to be a minor species, making up less than 4% of forest basal area watershed-wide.

The decline in maple abundance was most striking after as initially regeneration appeared adequate. Research published in also found that climate change could cause sugar maple habitat to decline and suggests that it would take an additional five million taps to maintain current U.S.

Norway Maple leaves are very similar to Sugar Maple. Many tree ID beginners get the two trees mixed up. Here they are pictured together for comparison. The Sugar Maple leaf is on the bottom. Note that the Norway Maple leaf has more points.

The quick and easy way to tell them apart is that Norway Maple have milky sap. This is easily seen by. Sugar maple trees, maple wood and maple syrup production are threatened. A new study published in a Canadian forestry journal shows the Asian longhorned beetle — an alien invader chewing its way through North American trees over the past decade — has a marked preference for Sugar Maple trees.

The findings have raised a red flag in New England and southeastern Canada about the potential. led to the widespread sugar maple decline episode. Robert P. Long, Stephen B. Horsley, Scott W. Bailey, Richard A.

Hallett, and Thomas J. Hall 1 INTRODUCTION Sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) decline was a major forest health challenge in northern Pennsylvania starting in the mid- to late s and continued through the mids.

DuringAuthor: Robert P. Long, Robert P. Long, Stephen B. Horsley, Stephen B. Horsley, Scott W. Bailey, Scott W.

Norway maple: narrrow, purple to brown streaks occur along the leaf veins. Sugar maple: large, irregular, brown or red-brown areas develop along and between the veins similar to injury due to drought and heat stress.

Small, brown fruiting structures of the fungus are found near the affected leaf g: Ontario. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

Plant Health Care Recommendations for Sugar Maple Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) is a large growing, highly desirable shade tree for many northern landscapes.

During the summer it has medium green leaves which change to brilliant yellow, orange and red in the fall. Sugar maple will grow to a height of 60 to 80 feet in theFile Size: KB.

Research by the Proctor Maple Research Center at the University of Vermont indicates that climate change has had an effect on maple syrup production. According to the Center, the Vermont maple sugaring season on average starts days earlier and ends days earlier than it did 50 years g: Ontario.

Reference: Roussy, A.-M. The Sexual and Vegetative Propagation of Sugar Maple and its Threat from Norway Maple. dissertation, University of Guelph available at https:// Eutypella canker is a persistent perennial canker and an important disease of sugar maple in the midwestern and northeastern United States and in southern Ontario and Quebec.

The host range is primarily restricted to maples. Acer saccharum (sugar maple) is infected more commonly than. Sick maple trees 'becoming epidemic' in Minnesota. Root rot is another condition causing maple decline, Branhagen said. “Sugar maples like it moist but not wet,” he : Kim Palmer.

Praise for the Sugar Maple stories: Romantic Times Book Club – stars – TOP PICK Bretton launches her new series of magic and murder with an enchanting, lyrical masterpiece that should make its way to the bestseller list in no time.

Brilliantly weaving the town of Sugar Maple with that of its inhabitants into one living, breathing entity /5(29). Maple decline is a term describing loss of vigor and dieback in forests or urban plantings of maple trees.

It is not a disease or a syndrome, nor is it contagious or endemic. Instead, it is a generalized set of symptoms that may be applied to any species of tree suffering a wide range of different stressors. Red maple trees have red blossoms in pdf spring, red fruit in summer, scarlet leaves in pdf fall and crimson bark and twigs in winter.

Red maple trees thrive in wet soil, and are also sometimes called swamp maples. Sugar maples turn brilliant shades of yellow, orange, and bright red in the fall. They have a gray bark and a sensitive root g: Ontario.Download pdf maples can reach up to 30 m/ feet high and collectively grow on approximately 31 million acres of land.

Many mammals and insects use the sugar maple as a source of food, while woodpeckers and other birds nest in its branches. The leaves of a maple tree have five lobes and turn brilliant shades of yellow to red in the fall.The Sugar Maple grows in zones The sugar maple is one of Ebook most-loved trees.

Ebook fact, more states have claimed it as their state tree than any other single species—for New York, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Vermont, the maple tree stands alone. One of its most prominent features is amazing fall color.